Institute for Astronomy Researchers "Highly Cited"
From left to right: Len Cowie, Pat Henry, Dave Sanders, and
The publishers of Science Citation Index have named four IfA scientists, Lennox
L. Cowie, J. Patrick Henry, David B. Sanders, and R. Brent Tully, "highly
cited authors." The ISIHighlyCited.com Web site lists them among 249 of
the world's most cited and influential researchers in the space sciences, the
top one-half of one percent of all publishing researchers in this field.
Being highly cited is the academic equivalent of being on the bestseller list.
A citation occurs when researchers use others' results while conducting their
own research. This type of analysis is a way of identifying the most influential
scientists in a given discipline, in this case the space sciences, just as an
important author is recognized by the number of books sold.
Dr. Cowie is a leader in the field of cosmology (the origin and structure of
the Universe). In 1984, he received the Bart J. Bok Prize, which Harvard University
awards in recognition of distinguished research by a graduate under age 35.
He received the Helen B. Warner Prize from the American Astronomical Society
in 1985 for a significant contribution by an astronomer less than 36 years of
Dr. Henry also works in the field of cosmology, and he is a leader in using
observations of X-rays from clusters of galaxies to elucidate the evolution
of the Universe. He was the director of the Chandra X-Ray Data Center at the
University of Hawai'i.
Dr. Sanders studies molecular clouds, interacting galaxies, and quasars, particularly
their emissions at far-infrared and submillimeter wavelengths. He received an
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Senior Award in 2000.
Dr. Tully studies galaxies. In the 1970s, he and Dr. J. R. Fisher discovered
the Tully-Fisher relation, which enables astronomers to measure the distances
to spiral galaxies.
The selection of each highly cited researcher is based on the total number
of citations he or she received in a given discipline as recorded in the ISI
database between 1981 and 1999. Thus, to be included a scientist must have been
active for most of the period selected, and must have published many papers,
at least some of which have been so groundbreaking that they are frequently
cited by others in the field. Those whose most significant work preceded the
chosen period or who made important contributions toward the end of this period
are not likely to be included.
Seven scientists at the University of Hawaii (four in space sciences, two in
geosciences, and one in plant and animal science) are currently listed in the
ISIHighlyCited.com database. The database includes researchers in twenty-one
broad science categories, including life sciences, medicine, physical sciences,
engineering, and social sciences.